% : Percent

۲-ME: ۲-Mercaptoethanol

۵HIAA: ۵-Hydroxyindoleacetic Acid

Ab: Antibody

ACE: Angiotensin Converting Enzyme

ACT: Activated Clotting Time

ACTH: Adrenocorticotropic Hormone

ADA: Adenosine deaminase

ADH: Antidiuretic Hormone

AFB: Acid- Fast Bacilli

AFP: Alpha fetoprotein

Ag: Antigen

AIDS: Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome

ALL: Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia

ALP: Alkaline Phosphatase

ALT: Alanine aminotransferase

AMA: Anti-Mitochondrial Antibody

AMH: Anti-Mullerian Hormone

AML: Acute Myelocytic Leukemia

ANA: Antinuclear Antibody

ANCA: Anti-Neutrophil Cytoplasmic Antibody

Anti- dsDNA: Anti-double stranded DNA

Anti -TPO: Thyroid Peroxidase Antibody

APCR: Activated Protein C Resistance

APTT: Activated Partial Thromboplastin Time

ASA: Acetylsalicylic Acid (Aspirin)

ASCA: Anti–Saccharomyces cerevisiae antibody

ASMA: Anti Smooth Muscle Antibody

ASO: Anti-Streptolysin O

AT III: Antithrombin III

ATLL: Adult T-Cell Leukemia/Lymphoma

ATN: Acute Tubular Necrosis

ATRA: All-Trans Retinoic Acid

BAL: Bronchoalveolar lavage

BCG: Bacillus Calmette–Guerin

BF: Body Fluid

BhCG: Beta-Human Chorionic Gonadotropin

BMP: Basic Metabolic Panel

BSR: Blood Sedimentation Rate

BSS: Bernard–Soulier Syndrome

BT: Bleeding Time

BUN: Blood Urea Nitrogen

C3: Complement component 3

C4: Complement component 4

CAMT: Congenital Amegakaryocytic Thrombocytopenia

CBC: Complete Blood count

CCP Ab: Cyclic Citrullinated Peptide Antibody

CEA: Carcinoembryonic Antigen

CH50: Total complement activity

Chol: Cholesterol

CKD: Chronic kidney disease

Cl: Chloride

CLIA: Chemiluminescent immunoassay, Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments

CLL: Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia

CML: Chronic Myelocytic Leukemia

CMP: Comprehensive Metabolic Panel

CMV: Cytomegalovirus

CNS: Central nervous system

COPD: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

C-peptide: Connecting Peptide of Insulin

Cr: Creatinine

CRF: Chronic Renal Failure

CRP: C-Reactive Protein

CSF: Cerebrospinal fluid

CT: Clotting Time

CV: Coefficient of Variation

CVA: Cerebrovascular accident

D: Defibrinate (sample)

DAT: Direct Antiglobulin Testing

DHEAS: Dehydroepiandrosterone Sulfate

DHT: Dihydrotestosterone

DIC: Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation

DIF: Direct immunofluorescence

DMT1: Divalent Metal Transporter 1

DNCB: ۲,۴-Dinitrochlorobenzene

DRE: Digital Rectal Exam

DRVVT: Dilute Russell Viper Venom Time

DTH: Delayed Type Hypersensitivity

EBV: Epstein–Barr virus

ECF: Extracellular fluid

ECLIA: Electro-chemiluminescence immunoassay

eGFR: estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate

EIA: Enzyme Immunoassay

ELFA: Enzyme-Linked Fluourescent Assay

ELISA: Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay

ENA: Extractable Nuclear Antigens

EP: Ectopic Pregnancy

EPCR: Endothelial Protein C Receptor

EPO: Erythropoietin

ESR: Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate

ET: Essential Thrombocythemia

FBS: Fasting Blood Sugar

FDA: Food and Drug Administration

FDP: Fibrin degradation product

Fe: Iron

FEP: Free Erythrocyte Protoporphyrin

fL: femtoliter

FNA: Fine Needle Aspiration

FOB: Fecal Occult Blood

FSH: Follicle Stimulating Hormone

FT3: Free Triiodothyronine

FT4: Free Thyroxine

FTA-ABS: Fluorescent Treponemal Antibody Absorption

G6PD: Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase

GC: Gas Chromatography

GCT: Glucose Challenge Test

GGT: Gamma-Glutamyl Transferase

GH: Growth Hormone

GHRH: Growth hormone-releasing hormone

GMB: Glomerular Basement Membrane

GTT: Glucose Tolerance Test

GVHD: Graft Versus Host Disease

H: Heparin

H.Plylori: Helicobacter Pylori

HAMA: Human Anti-Mouse Antibody

HAV: Hepatitis A Virus

Hb: Hemoglobin

HbA1c: A1c Hemoglobin

HBc Ab: Hepatitis B Virus Core Antibody

HBc Ag: Hepatitis B Virus Core Antigen

HBe Ab: Hepatitis B envelope Antibody

HBs Ag: Hepatitis B Virus Surface Antibody

HBV: Hepatitis B Virus

Hct: Hematocrit

HCV: Hepatitis C Virus

HDL: High-Density Lipoprotein

HDV: Hepatitis D Virus

HE4: Human Epididymis Protein 4

HEV: Hepatitis E Virus

HIT: Heparin-Induced Thrombocytopenia

HIV: Human Immunodeficiency Virus

HLA: Human Leukocyte Antigen

HMWK: High Molecular Weight Kininogen

HPF: High-Power Field

HPLC: High Performance Liquid Chromatography

HPV: Human papillomavirus

HSC: Hematopoietic Stem Cell

HSV: Herpes Simplex Virus

HTLV: Human T-Lymphotropic Virus

HUS: Hemolytic-Uremic Syndrome

HVA: Homovanillic Acid

IAT: Indirect Antiglobulin Testing

IBD: Inflammatory Bowel Disease

IEF: Isoelectric focusing

IGF-1: Insulin-Like Growth Factor 1

IIFA: Indirect Immuno Flurescence Assay

INR: International Normalized Ratio

ISE: Ion Selective Electrode

ISI: International Sensitivity Index

ITP: Immune Thrombocytopenic Purpura

IU: International Unit

IUD: Intrauterine device

IV: Intravenous

JAK2: Janus kinase 2

K: Potassium

LDH: Lactate dehydrogenase

LDL: Low-Density Lipoprotein

LE cell: Lupus Erythematosus cell

LH: Luteinizing Hormone

LKM1 Ab: Liver kidney Microsomal type 1 Antibody

LPF: Low Power Field

MCH: Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin

MCHC: Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin Concentration

MCV: Mean Corpuscular Volume

MDMA: ۳,۴-Methylenedioxymethamphetamine

MDS: Myelodysplastic Syndromes

Mg: Magnesium

mg: milligram

MHA-TP: Microhemagglutination Assay for Treponema Pallidum antibodies

ml: milliliter

mmol: millimole

MPO Ab: Myeloperoxidase antibody

MTHFR: Methylene tetrahydrofolate reductase

Na: Sodium

NEC: Necrotizing enterocolitis

NMO: Neuromyelitis Optica

NSAIDs: Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drugs

OCBs: Oligoclonal bands

OCP: Oral Contraceptive Pill

OF: Osmotic Fragility

PAI-1: Plasminogen activator inhibitor-1

PAPP-A: Pregnancy-Associated Plasma Protein A

PBC: Primary Biliary Cirrhosis

PBS: Peripheral Blood Smear

PC: Plasma (Citrate, Na)

PCOS: Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome

PCR: Polymerase Chain Reaction

PCT: Plateletcrit

PCT: Post Coital Test

PDW: Platelet Distribution Width

PE: Plasma (EDTA)

PFCP: Primary Familial and Congenital Polycythemia

PH: Plasma (Heparin)

PID: Pelvic Inflammatory Disease

P-LCR: Platelet Larger Cell Ratio

Plt: Platelet

PMF: Primary myelofibrosis

PMN: Polymorphonuclear neutrophil

PPD: Purified Protein Derivative

Pr C: Protein C

Pr S: Protein S

PR3 Ab: Proteinase 3 Antibodies

PRA: Plasma Renin Activity, Panel Reactive Antibody

PRL: Prolactin

PSA: Prostate Specific Antigen

PT: Prothrombin Time

PTH: Parathyroid Hormone

PV: Polycythemia Vera

RA: Rheumatoid arthritis

RBC: Red Blood Cell Count

RDW: Red Cell Distribution Width

RET: REarranged during Transfection (proto-oncogene)

RF: Rheumatoid Factor

RIA: Radioimmunoassay

RIBA: Recombinant ImmunoBlot Assay

RNP Ab: Ribonucleotide antibodies

RPI: Reticulocyte Production Index

RSV: Respiratory Syncytial Virus

RT-PCR: Reverse Transcription- Polymerase Chain Reaction

S: Serum

Scl-70 Ab: Scleroderma Antibodies (Topoisomerase 1 Antibody)

SD: Standard Deviation

SDFA: Sperm DNA Fragmentation Assay

SG: specific gravity

SHBG: Sex Hormone Binding Globulin

SIDH: Syndrome of Inappropriate Antidiuretic Hormone Secretion

SLE: Systemic Lupus Erythematosus

Sm Ab: Smith antibodies

SSA/RO Ab: anti-Sjögren Syndrome A

SSB(La) Ab: anti-Sjögren Syndrome B

T۳: Triiodothyronine

T۴: Thyroxine

TB: Tuberculosis

TBG: Thyroxine-Binding Globulin

TDM: Therapeutic Drug Monitoring

TFR-1: Transferrin receptor 1

TG: Triglycerides

TIBC: Total Iron-Binding Capacity

TLC: Thin-Layer Chromatography

TNF: Tumor Necrosis Factor

TORCH infectious: Toxoplasmosis, Other (syphilis, varicella-zoster, parvovirus B19), Rubella, Cytomegalovirus (CMV), and Herpes infections

TRH: Thyrotropin-Releasing Hormone

TSH: Thyroid Stimulating Hormone

TT: Thrombin Time

TTG Ab: Tissue transglutaminase antibody

TTP: Thrombotic Thrombocytopenic Purpura

U(24h): Urine (24 hour)

U(R): Urine (Random)

U/A: Urinalysis

U/C: Urine culture

UA: Uric Acid

UIBC: Unsaturated Iron Binding Capacity

UTI: Urinary Tract Infection

VDRL: Venereal Disease Research Laboratory

VIPoma: Vasoactive Intestinal Peptide tumor

VLDL: Very Low Density Lipoprotein

VMA: Vanillylmandelic acid

VWD: Von Willebrand Disease

VWF: Von Willebrand factor

VZV: Varicella-Zoster Virus

WAS: Wiskott–Aldrich syndrome

WB: Whole Blood

WBC: White Blood Cell

ZZP: Zinc Protoporphyrin

μg: microgram

μL: microliter

آمل Mostly Cloudy
٢٧(°C)
وزش باد ٧(mph)
فشار ٢٩.٧٧(in)
محدوده دید ۶.٠(mi)
اشعه فرابنفش 5-Moderate
رطوبت ٢٩.٧٧(in)